All web sites in the following list were originally written in English by William McGaughey. Half of them were translated into other languages using a machine translator such as Babelfish or Google; half were not. This page reports the translation status of William McGaughey’s twelve web sites. The main page of each, linked to this, appears in translation.


This page, Web Site Translations (translations.html) , is translated into -


simplified Chinese


The different categories of translation are as follows:

(A) English only
(B) English + 5 other languages (French, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Italian)
(C) English + 10 other languages (French, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Italian, simplified Chinese, Indonesian, Turkish, Polish, Dutch)
(D) English + 11 other languages (French, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Italian, simplified Chinese, Indonesian, Turkish, Polish, Dutch, Russian)


The English language: In 2015, there were an estimated 339 million native speakers of English (365 million in 2007) worldwide, making this the 2nd most widely spoken language in the world after Mandarin Chinese. Its share of the world population for native speakers in 2007 was 5.52%. Additionally, 603 million persons spoke English as a second language according to Ethnologue in 2015. The total number of English speakers worldwide was, therefore, 942 million persons.

Where English is an official language: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Dominica, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong (People's Republic of China), India, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Maritius, Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevs, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somolia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Wikipedia List of Languages by Number of Native Speakers
Wikipedia List of Languages by Total Number of Speakers
Vistawide Top 30 Languages by Number of Native Speakers (Ethnologue 2005)


The Twelve Web sites

1. (translated languages category B) - See descripton below.
2. (translated languages category D) - See descripton below.
3. (translated languages category C) - See descripton below.
4. (translated languages category B) - See descripton below.
5. (translated languages category B) - See descripton below.
6. (translated languages category B)
- See descripton below.

7. (translated languages category A) - See descripton below.
8. (translated languages category A )
- See descripton below.
9. (translated languages category A)
- See descripton below.
10. (translated languages category A)
- See descripton below.
11. (translated languages category A)
- See descripton below.
12. (translated languages category A
) - See descripton below.


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A brief description of Bill McGaughey’s set of twelve websites -

The following are multilingual websites.

1. : This is the personal site of Bill McGaughey, creator of this collection of web sites. With some duplication, the site contains links to 205 subordinate pages. Some of the pages pertain to McGaughey’s family background, some of his collection of writings, some to his fights as a landlord or to his various political campaigns, some to his advocacy of shorter working hours, some to books of history, and some to theoretical works on other subjects. As of this writing, Bill McGaughey is a 75-year-old married man who, having grown up in the Detroit area, has spent most of his life in Minneapolis-St Paul, Minnesota. He is a Yale graduate, class of 1964.

2. : This web site was created to present and explain a prospective book by Bill McGaughey titled “History of the Triple Existence: Matter, Life, and Thought.” It is a work in the field of “big history”, pioneered by Australian history professor David Christian who has agreed to write a foreword. The idea is that three different types of being exist in the universe and each has a story to tell. The physical universe is 13.8 years old. Life appeared on earth round 3.5 billion years ago. Civilized societies, embodying human thought, have existed for around 6,000 years. Each period of time has a story to tell that helps explain how our world came to be. The concepts developed in McGaughey’s previous book, Five Epochs of Civilization, apply to the period of human societies. There are 19 separate articles on this site.

3. : This book by Bill McGaughey, “Five Epochs of Civilization”, which was published in 2000, is a history of civilized society focusing upon the successive development of key institutions in society such as government, religion, commerce, and entertainment. Over the years, human societies have become progressively more complex as new institutions have been developed. Communication technology is a driving force in the development of new types of society. Presently, the computer is on the cutting edge of progress in shaping human societies.This web site contains 105 separate pages.

4. : This is a web site about personal identity, both in general terms and with respect to being an American. The idea of identity independence is that you get to choose your own identity regardless of pressures in society to accept certain roles. Personal identity has been a particular problem for white males in our society. McGughey has chosen to address this problem head on in this site. There are 93 separate pages.

5. : Bill McGaughey has been a long-time advocate of legislation to achieve shorter working hours in the United States. He self-published a book in support of this objective in 1979 titled “A Shorter Workweek in the 1980s” and in 1989 published another one, coauthored with former US Senator Eugene McCarthy, through Praeger titled “Nonfinancial Economics the Case for Shorter Hours of Work” in 1989 He was active in supportng legislation for the Conyers bill to reduce work time, both by himself and as leader of a small organization in Minnesota. This multilingual website contains 65 separate articles.

6. : This web site, containing 15 separate pages, presents a political fantasy that political power can be achieved by developing powerful personal incentives within political parties. In particular, individuals would be given credit in the form of points for doing political work and that the number of points “owned” by a person would determine his or her voting strength within an organization. Thus, an anti-plutocratic organization might be created using the same types of incentives employed in an economy based upon the unequal possession of money.

The following websites are only in English.

7. : Thrown into local political battles in his role as an inner-city landlord in Minneapolis, Bill McGaughey became a member of Minneapolis Property Rights Action Committee in the 1990s and 2000s, under the leadership of a charismatic table-tennis player and entrepreneur named Charlie Disney. He himself later became the group’s co-leader. This website, containing 197 separate pages, describes numerous battles waged by this group of landlords over a period of two decades against city officials and groups that were hostile toward them culminating in a massive change in city government in 2001.

8. : In 2008, Bill McGaughey ran for Congress in Minnesota’s 5th district as a candidate of the Independence Party. He finished third to Democrat Keith Ellison and Republican Barb Davis White, attracting 22,318 votes or 6.92% of the total. This website contains position papers related to the election and the candidate’s narrative of his campaign.

9. : If one defeat in local politics were not enough, William McGaughey ran for Mayor of Minneapolis in 2009 on a self-created ticket with two other men, both Minneapolis landlords, which they called “New Dignity Party”. His campaign, among other things, overtly advocated for white people in an environment of extreme toxicity regarding race. Running against 27 other candidates in an election using “ranked choice voting” for the first time, McGaughey evidently came across as a racist, attracting a mere 230 votes.

10. : This is the website for Thistlerose Publications which Bill McGaughey uses to publish his books, mostly in paperback. Some of the titles are: A Shorter Workweek in the 1980s (published in 1981), Punchdrunk Man Reader (published in 1988), Nonfinancial Economics: the Case for Shorter Hours of Work (coauthored with Eugene McCarthy and published in 1989), A U.S.-Mexico-Canada Free Trade Agreement: Do We Just Say No (published in 1992), Five Epochs of Civilization: World History as emerging in Five Civilizations (published in 2000), Rhythm and Self-Consciousness: New Ideals for an electronic Civilization (published in 2001), the Independence Party and the Future of Third-Party Politics (published in 2003), and On the Ballot in Louisiana: Running for President to Fight National Decay (published in 2004).

11. : Bill McGaughey had another website supporting “progressive Republicans” whose domain name he gave up to someone who promised to support this cause more aggressively In its place, he created a website titled “neonixonian” that aspired to improve the tarnished image of Richard Nixon, a much maligned political figure.

12. : A glutton for punishment, Bill McGaughey ran for President once again in 2016 as a candidate in New Hampshire’s Democratic presidential primary. The result was a dismal 17 votes. If this were not enough, McGaughey became ill in New Hampshire and had to be hospitalized for several days. Donald Trump was instead elected President that year. In 2016, McGaughey became a medical patient suspected of having dementia. (But he’s well enough to put out these websites.)

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